The name "Hot Gates" comes from the hot springs that were located there. THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE The Battle of Thermopylae is a classic example of the Spartan creed of kill or be killed. the Greeks defended the Thermopylae pass against the Persians. A sign, under the statue, reads simply: "Μολὼν λαβέ" ("Come and take them!  At the Battle of Plataea, the Greek army won a decisive victory, destroying much of the Persian army and ending the invasion of Greece.  The king later had the Theban prisoners branded with the royal mark. Leonidas stationed 1,000 Phocians on the heights to prevent such a manoeuvre. The outstretched chest symbolizes the struggle, the gallantry, the strength, the bravery and the courage. Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia … It led the Persians behind the Greek lines. , At daybreak on the third day, the Phocians guarding the path above Thermopylae became aware of the outflanking Persian column by the rustling of oak leaves.  According to Diodorus, a Persian called Tyrrhastiadas, a Cymaean by birth, warned the Greeks. The battle took place simultaneously with the naval battle at Artemisium. They retreated.  The contingent of 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. The constricted topography of Thermopylae was ideal for a defensive stand by the armored Greek hoplites as they could not be flanked and the more lightly armed Persians would be forced into a frontal assault.  Meanwhile, the Greeks (for the most part Peloponnesians) preparing to defend the Isthmus of Corinth, demolished the single road that led through it and built a wall across it. With war nearing, the Greek congress met again in the spring of 480.  However, the Peloponnesian cities made fall-back plans to defend the Isthmus of Corinth, should it come to that, whilst the women and children of Athens would evacuate en masse to the Peloponnesian city of Troezen. . However, there is no suggestion by Herodotus that the effect on the Persian forces was that. The Athenians knew that they needed to build more ships to defeat the huge Persian navy. After the second day, a local resident named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks by revealing a small path used by shepherds. Surging forward, they fared no better and were unable to move the Greeks. The Battle of Thermopylae is believed to have been fought in August 480 BC, during the Persian Wars (499 BC-449 BC). During two full days of battle, the small force led by Leonidas blocked the only road by which the massive Persian army could pass. The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece. The legend of Thermopylae, as told by Herodotus, has it that the Spartans had consulted the Oracle at Delphi earlier in the year. Greco-Persian Wars, also called Persian Wars, (492–449 bce), a series of wars fought by Greek states and Persia over a period of almost half a century. The Battle of Thermopylae is believed to have been fought in August 480 BC, during the Persian Wars (499 BC-449 BC). Although probably unsuitable for cavalry, this path could easily be traversed by the Persian infantry (many of whom were versed in mountain warfare). John Ruskin expressed the importance of this ideal to Western civilization as follows: Also obedience in its highest form is not obedience to a constant and compulsory law, but a persuaded or voluntary yielded obedience to an issued command .... His name who leads the armies of Heaven is "Faithful and True"... and all deeds which are done in alliance with these armies ... are essentially deeds of faith, which therefore ... is at once the source and the substance of all known deed, rightly so called ... as set forth in the last word of the noblest group of words ever, so far as I know, uttered by simple man concerning his practice, being the final testimony of the leaders of a great practical nation ... [the epitaph in Greek]. The battle Thermopylae is a classic example of the military might of both the Greek Phalanx and the warriors of Sparta.  Xerxes crushed the Egyptian revolt and very quickly restarted the preparations for the invasion of Greece. The battle was between the defending Greek city-states led by Athenian General Themistocles, King Leonidas I of Sparta and Demophilus of Thespiae and the attacking Persian army of Xerxes I of Persia. The Spartans were met by Persian light infantry on the first day. In 481 BC, Xerxes sent ambassadors around Greece requesting "earth and water" but very deliberately omitting Athens and Sparta. It is not for riches that they contend but for honour!" The number of troops which Xerxes mustered for the second invasion of Greece has been the subject of endless dispute, most notably between ancient sources, which report very large numbers, and modern scholars, who surmise much smaller figures. Leonidas (c. 530-480 B.C.)  Also surviving is an epitome of the account of Ctesias, by the eighth-century Byzantine Photios, though this is "almost worse than useless", missing key events in the battle such as the betrayal of Ephialtes, and the account of Diodorus Siculus in his Universal History. Leonidas calmed the panic and agreed to defend Thermopylae. Today, it is considered to have been much smaller. A well-known epigram, usually attributed to Simonides, was engraved as an epitaph on a commemorative stone placed on top of the burial mound of the Spartans at Thermopylae. By the time of Darius I, the Persian e…  According to Ctesias, the first wave was "cut to ribbons", with only two or three Spartans killed in return. The tight battlefield nullified the Persians numerical preponderance, and it also prevented them from fighting the way they had been trained. (Godley translation) or otherwise, "Ye Gods, Mardonius, what men have you brought us to fight against? The most popular misconception about the Battle of Thermopylae probably relates to the numbers fielded in the battle.  The Phocians retreated to a nearby hill to make their stand (assuming the Persians had come to attack them).  Some of the Greeks argued for withdrawal, but Leonidas resolved to stay at the pass with the Spartans. , However, this alone does not explain the fact that they remained; the remainder of Thespiae was successfully evacuated before the Persians arrived there.  Darius then died whilst preparing to march on Egypt, and the throne of Persia passed to his son Xerxes I.  Conversely, for the Persians the problem of supplying such a large army meant they could not remain in the same place for very long. At Thermopylae, the Greeks blocked the pass and beat back Persian assaults for two days.  Furthermore, this idea also neglects the fact that a Greek navy was fighting at Artemisium during the Battle of Thermopylae, incurring losses in the process. until his death at the Battle of Thermopylae against the Persian army in 480 B.C.  Some Peloponnesians suggested withdrawal to the Isthmus of Corinth and blocking the passage to Peloponnesus. It was a brutal battle which the Greeks (consisting of the Spartans and their allies) lost. The battle was fought for over three days, at the same time as the naval Battle of Artemisium on 20 August or 8–10 September, 480 BC.  He feared they were Spartans but was informed by Ephialtes that they were not.  However, instead of a mere blockade, Themistocles persuaded the Greeks to seek a decisive victory against the Persian fleet.  The Greeks killed so many Medes that Xerxes is said to have stood up three times from the seat from which he was watching the battle. In front of the outnumbered Greeks stood the assembled forces of the Persian empire, a seemingly invincible army with revenge, pillage and plunder on its mind. Story of the 300 Spartans to Diodorus, a sign reads: `` in short... we will know. `` [ 163 ], the Grand Strategy of Classical Sparta: the Wars. Of arrows at them. [ 61 ] Xerxes offered freedom and land... 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