irene of athens

He was 26 years old. Irene of Athens (c. 752 – 9 August 803), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina, was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Leo IV from 775 to 780, regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, co-regent from 792 until 797, and finally sole ruler and first empress regnant of the Byzantine Empire from 797 to 802. [1] ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Medieval Queens, Empresses, and Women Rulers, Biography of Anna Comnena, the First Female Historian, Five Roman Empresses You Shouldn't Invite to Dinner, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. Then, through the use of a bride-show, Irene selected Maria of Amnia as Constantine's bride. Pronunciation of Irene Of Athens with 1 audio pronunciation, 14 translations and more for Irene Of Athens. Prior to becoming empress regnant, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. She ruled jointly with her son, Constantine, after the death of her husband Leo. Treadgold, 'The Unpublished Saint's Life of the Empress Irene', Byzantinische Forschungen, 7 (1982) 237-51. https://orthodoxwiki.org/index.php?title=Irene_of_Athens&oldid=120658. one child: Constantine VI (January 14, 771 – about 797 or before 805), emperor 780 - 797. The Pope had aligned himself with Irene in her work to restore veneration of images, but he could not support a woman as ruler. After Irene's deposition, the forces for iconoclasm returned to power, finally to be defeated under another strong iconodule leader, the Empress Theodora. At this time, October 31, 802, the nobles of the empire, having been concerned with her financial incompetency, took action and chose Nikephoros, Irene's finance minister, as emperor. She died the following year. Part of the Isaurian (Syrian) dynasty ruling the Eastern Roman Empire. This time, she was replaced on the throne by Nikephoros, a finance minister. Constantine managed, with the support of the military, to take full power as emperor, though Irene retained the title of Empress. Leo, however, was a steadfast iconoclast who, according to tradition, found that Irene possessed icons and thereafter would no longer share their marriage bed. By this marriage they had two daughters, Euphrosyne and Irene. Before becoming empress, she was consort to Leo IV from 775 to 780 and empress dowager from 780 to 797. Filter by post type. Irene was born in Athens sometime between 750 and 755. Because the Byzantine empire was now ruled by a woman, who by law could not head the army or occupy the throne, Pope Leo III declared the throne vacant, and held a coronation in Rome for Charlemagne on Christmas Day in 800, naming him Emperor of the Romans. Her family background is not known. She apparently was a beautiful but orphaned girl who at the age of seventeen was brought to Constantinople by the Emperor Constantine V to be married to his son Leo in November 769. Constantine, son of Leo and Irene, was only nine years old at his father’s death, so Irene became his regent, along with a minister named Staurakios. They were discovered; Irene had the brothers ordained into the priesthood and thus ineligible to succeed. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The marriage took place in November. Their son was born just a little over a year after the marriage. Although she was an orphan, her uncle, Constantine Sarantapechos, was a patricianand possibly strategosof the themeof Hellas. Irene Sarantapechaina: Birthdate: circa 752: Birthplace: Athens, Greece: Death: August 09, 803 (46-55) о. Лесбос, Greece Immediate Family: Daughter of ? Irene was born in Athens, sometime between 750-755. He was soon defeated in battle by the Bulgars and then by the Arabs, and his half-uncles again attempted to take control. The Byzantines did not recognize Charlemagne as Emperor until 814, and never recognized him as Roman Emperor, a title they believed was reserved for their own ruler. In the great dispute over Byzantine Iconoclasm, Athens is commonly held to have supported the iconophile position, chiefly due to the role played by Empress Irene of Athens in the ending of the first period of Iconoclasm at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787. Irene of Athens was the wife of the Byzantine Emperor Leo IV and mother of Constantine VI, both strong iconoclasts. Theodore the Studite wrote a praising letter [1] to Irene because of her work in supporting icons. Constantine tried to flee but was captured and returned to Constantinople, where, on the orders of Irene, he was blinded by his eyes being gouged out. Irene came from a noble family in Athens. Irene was born to a noble Greekfamily of Athens, the Sarantapechos family. The council affirmed the principle of veneration of icons and declared iconoclasm a heresy. This page has been accessed 43,263 times. This was, however, one more reason that Constantine lost support. She was married by Constantine V, ruler of the Eastern Empire, to his son, the future Leo IV, in 769. Nikephoros was then crowned by Patriarch Tarasius in Hagia Sophia Cathedral. Rare, minor area of weakness on reverse, otherwise about fdc. She showed little interest in finance or diplomacy, but made her mark in the Orthodox Christian world by rejection of iconoclasm. irene of athens < > Most recent. Leo IV tried to reconcile the parties, appointing a patriarch of Constantinople who was more aligned with the iconophiles (icon lovers) than the iconoclasts (literally, icon smashers). Thus the two halves of the Roman empire would be united. Some contemporaries and later scholars suspected Irene of poisoning her husband. She was also known to have initiated the Second Council of Nicea. Charlemagne was astute enough to realize, of course, that Irene's reign would one day end and that he would eventually be faced with an emperor legitimate in Byzantine eyes. Same type. In the meantime, having taken Theodote, Irene's lady-in-waiting, as mistress, Constantine arranged that Theodote be crowned augusta, a title which Maria was not granted, and then married her. Known for: sole Byzantine emperor, 797 – 802; her rule gave the Pope the excuse to recognize Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor; convened the 7th Ecumenical Council (2nd Council of Nicaea), restoring icon veneration in the Byzantine Empire, Occupation: empress consort, regent and co-ruler with her son, ruler in her own rightDates: lived about 752 – August 9, 803, ruled as co-regent 780 – 797, ruled in her own right 797 – October 31, 802Also known as Empress Irene, Eirene (Greek). In 792, Irene’s title as empress was reconfirmed, and she also regained power as co-ruler with her son. Rivalries in court also intensified. Prior to becoming Empress regnant, Irene had been empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. She was born about 752. To forestall threats of disloyalty and to strengthen her position in these feuds, Irene demanded that oaths of fidelity be taken only in her name. Technically, the throne was not hereditary, and the leaders of government had to elect the emperor. 42759397, citing Constantinople, Monastery of St Euphrosyne, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. husband: Emperor Leo IV the Khazar (January 25, 750 – September 8, 780); married December 17, 769, son of Constantine V Copronymus who arranged the marriage and his first wife Irene of Khazaria. She accepted her fall from power, perhaps to save her life, and was exiled to Lesbos. She is best known for ending Iconoclasm. A After her death, she became a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Irene's place in the Orthodox Christian church is that of a strong defender of the veneration of images. She arranged the convening of the Second Council of Nicea in 787 that restored the practice of veneration of icons. Ruling alone, Irene reigned from 797 to 802, calling herself basileus (βασιλεύς), "emperor," rather than basilissa (βασίλισσα), "empress." Irene of Athens (c. 752 – 9 August 803), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina, was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Leo IV from 775 to 780, regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, co-regent from 792 until 797, and finally sole ruler and first empress regnant o He divorced Maria in January 795, exiling Maria and their daughters. Being in poor health, Leo died after only five years as emperor, on September 8, 780. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. She sponsored many philanthropic endeavors, remitting taxes and canceling payments from soldiers' widows, which were required in lieu of the deceased soldiers' military service. Athens, under conquest, flourished in the Hellenistic and Roman era, remaining a major student town until Late Antiquity, and becoming the modern capital of Greece. Not having a dynastic background, Irene was continually confronted by opposition forces, some of whom used Leo's half-brothers as figureheads. She died on August 9, 803. This came at a critical point in history, when the eastern empire was controlled by iconoclasts. Count No Man Happy recounts Irene of Athens An East Roman (Byzantine) empress, Irene of Athens (752-803) convened the Seventh Ecumenical Council and restored the veneration of icons in the Byzantine Empire. All posts. To that end, a council was convened in 786, which ended up disbanded when it was disrupted by forces backed by Irene’s son Constantine. Irene of Athens (c.752-30 September 806), also known as Irene Sarantapechos, was the Byzantine Empress regnant from 797 to 806. Upon the death of Constantine V in 775, Irene's husband Leo ascended to the throne as Leo IV. By 780, Leo had reversed his position and was again supportive of the iconoclasts. Constantine V died in 775, and Leo IV, known as the Khazar for his maternal heritage, became the emperor, and Irene the empress consort. In 802 Irene was deposed and exiled to Prinkipo (now Büyükada) and then to Lesbos, where she died August 9, 803. In 803, the officials in government rebelled against Irene. Irene is sometimes recognized as a saint in the Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church, with a feast day of August 9. The half-brothers attempted another uprising in 799, and the other brothers were at that time blinded. FAQs. However, Irene broke off the engagement in 788, over her son's objections. Constantine had his uncle Nikephorus blinded and his other uncles’ tongues split when their revolt failed. The next year, the Byzantines were at war with the Franks; the Byzantines largely prevailed. Irene was born in roughly 752 A.D. to a distinguished Athenian family. Then, she had them administer communion at the Divine Liturgy on the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord to demonstrate that they had rejected politics. Since Irene didn’t have any siblings, she must have had quite a lonely childhood being shuttled from one house to another. Theodote had been one of his mother’s ladies-in-waiting. The marriage, however, was very unpopular with the Church, because its legality was seriously questioned. Irene was born in Athens about the year 752. 93 relations. In the clash over the veneration of icons, a patriarch, Tarasius, was appointed in 784, on condition that veneration of images was to be reestablished. Though this claim is not supported by the Menaion, the "Lives of Saints" by Nikodemos the Hagiorite, or any other related book of the Orthodox Church, some Western sources [2] still cite Irene as a saint of the Orthodox Church, based on the writings of the Bollandists. Irene of Athens (780-802), Solidus, Constantinople, AD 797-802; AV (g 4,41; mm 19; h 6); Bust of Irene facing, wearing loros and crown with cross, pinnacles and pendilia, holding a globus cruciger and a cross tipped sceptre, Rv. She is most remembered for her marriage to Charlemagne in 803, unifying the Franks and the Byzantines. We don’t know much about her parents, but she was very young when they passed, leaving the poor little girl at the mercy of different relatives. This also brought the Eastern church back into unity with the church of Rome. It is believed that she was born of a Greek noble family. Both Irene and her son signed the document adopted by the Council which ended on October 23, 787. Irene of Athens - Champion of Orthodoxy and the Birth of the Welfare State. The world-renowned Acropolis and its magnificent museum lie within 3 metro stops from Agios Ioannis Station, 250 yards from the property. Most popular Most recent. Constantine, however, did not like Maria and forced her to become a nun. Another victory by the Arabs reduced Irene’s support among the government leaders. Her zeal for the restoration of icons put an end to the most virulent phase of iconoclasm in the Byzantine empire and paved the way for the permanent acceptance of icons in the Orthodox Church. Although she was an orphan, her uncle or cousin Constantine Sarantapechos was a patrician and possibly also a strategos ("general") of the theme of Hellas at the end of the eighth century. DOC 1a.1; Sear 1599; Füeg 1.C.1. Events came to a head when emissaries from Charlemagne and Pope Leo arrived in Constantinople with a proposal of marriage between Irene and Charlemagne. By her marriage to Emperor Leo IV the Khazar, Irene had only one son Constantine VI, whom she succeeded on the throne. Before that, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. Irene acceded to the change of events and only asked to continue to live as a private citizen in her palace. That she was a woman, and an iconophile offended many, and her late husband’s half-brothers again tried to take over the throne. That same year, over Constantine’s objections, Irene ended the betrothal of her son to the daughter of Charlemagne. He married Theodote in September 795, though the Patriarch Tarasius objected and would not take part in the marriage though he came around to approving it. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. Irene was a strong iconodule. The rival factions continued their intrigues and, in 797, Constantine found it necessary to flee the palace. After her son Theophilus became emperor and married, she returned to religious life. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). Mother and son were already clashing on certain ideas (Irene loved icons; Constantine hated them). Irene was born in Athens about the year 752. Irene was born c. 752 to the influential Sarantapechos family of Athens (hence the moniker); she was brought to Constantinople by Emperor Constantine V and married to his son Leo in 768. Constantine and Maria had one or two daughters (sources disagree). How to say Irene Of Athens in English? He crushed an Armenian revolt with reported cruelty. She was a member of the noble Greek Sarantapechos family, which had significant political influence in central mainland Greece. [1] Although she was an orphan, her uncle or cousin Constantine Sarantapechos was a patrician and possibly also a strategos ("general") of the theme of Hellas at the end of the eighth century. Her family background is not known. Irene of Athens or Irene the Athenian (Greek: Ειρήνη η Αθηναία) (c. 752 – 9 August 803) is the name by which Irene Sarantapechaina (Greek: Ειρήνη Σαρανταπήχαινα), a Byzantine empress regnant from 797 to 802, is commonly known. Another meeting was assembled in Nicaea in 787. By 794, Constantine had a mistress, Theodote, and no male heirs by his wife, Maria. Irene was also known for her generous financial policies, which were especially friendly to monasteries. Constantine was not a successful emperor. Empress Irene of Athens was the first female ruler of the Byzantine Empire. During Theodote’s life, their residence became a monastery. They apparently were the center of another plot to take over power in 812 but were again exiled. Sarantapechaina Wife of Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine Emperor Mother of Konstantinos VI Porphyrogénete, Byzantine Emperor and Isaakios Comnenos Sebastokrator Category:Irene of Athens. She was brought to Constantinopleby Emperor Constantine Von November 1, 769, and was married to his son Leo IVon December 17. Irene of Athens (Greek: Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία; c. 752 – 9 August 803 AD), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina (Greek: Εἰρήνη Σαρανταπήχαινα), was Byzantine (Eastern Roman) empress from 797 to 802. Irene of Athens was the first woman to be sole ruler (Autokrator) of the Byzantine empire. She was a member of the noble Greek Sarantapechos family, which had significant political influence in central mainland Greece. However, after she had disclosed the location of the imperial treasures she held Nikephoros banished her to the island of Lesbos, where she supported herself by spinning. Irene of Athens or Irene the Athenian (Greek: Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία; c. 752 – 9 August 803 AD) is the commonly known name of Irene Sarantapechaina (Greek: Εἰρήνη Σαρανταπήχαινα), Byzantine empress regnant from 797 to 802. History of Athens-Wikipedia Irene now ruled in her own right. Their daughter Euphrosyne, also living at the nunnery, married Michael II in 823 against Maria’s wishes. searching for Irene of Athens 3 found (142 total) alternate case: irene of Athens. Of the thirteen possibilities, she selected Maria of Amnia, a granddaughter of Saint Philaretos and daughter of a wealthy Greek official. 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